Istanbul del 4: Kryss på Bosporen och vyer på vägar.

Istanbul_street-views_039
Om man skall få en helhetsbild av den intressanta
17-miljoners staden Istanbul, räcker det inte med
att ta sig rund stadskärnan till fots eller med de
utmärkta spårvagnarna och metron.
Man bör definitivt ta en båt-sifghtseeing runt
Bosporen och en biltripp runt de allt med utbyggda
kransområden som växer upp med häftiga
byggnationer, sammanbyggda med motorvägsleder.
Så, följ med oss på en heldagstripp på vågornas brus
och med Frontface medarbetare Metins bil.

Låt oss inleda med en två-och-en-halv-timmes
kryssning under Bosporens broar:
Först ett tips: När du kommer ned till båtkajen
som ligger vid det asienbelägna brofästet,
kommer ”inkastaren att ropa:
Cruise-015
”The boat is leaving in five minutes”, vilket naturligtvis
inte är sant, han vill bara få på så många som möjligt,
så snabbt som möjligt. Man måste ljuga och säga något
i stil med att men skall passa en bussresa senare
och därför måste ha EXAKTA tider för att se om det
passar in…endast då får man korrekt besked om när
båten avgår. Även värt att veta, är att om du är ölsugen,
får du köpa eget på någon drickashop, då inget serveras
ombord. Vi laddade naturligtvis med en kasse kall EFES.
Cruise-011Under färden passerar man ett antal broar,
många av dem fanns inte vid vårt senaste
besök 1996.
Cruise-003Kryssningafartyg i Bosporen
blir allt mer populärt.
Cruise-004Lite av deras ”Finlandsbåtar.
Misstänker att det dock inte är
samma typ av festande ombord
som över Östersjön…
Cruise-006Bezmi Alem Valide Sultan Mosque(it is one of the historical mosgues in istanbul)

Cruise-007Ett av de mest luxuösa hotell man kan tänka sig,
SwizzÓtel The Bosphorian. Det var dit Frontface
chefredaktör Peter Ortvik tog Victoria Silvsted,
hennes syster Veronica och mamma Ulla, när
Vicky för första gången, som 17-åring, fick chansen
att medverka i internationella modevisningar, med
världsdesigners som Nina Ricci, Paco Rabanne,
Guy La Roche, Boucheron m.fl.
Det kan du förresten läsa mer om i vårt allra första
nummer av Frontface, HÄR:
Cruise-008Dolmabahce Palas
Dolmabahçe Palace was ordered by the Empire’s 31st Sultan,
Abdülmecid I, and built between the years 1843 and 1856.
Hacı Said Ağa was responsible for the construction works,
while the project was realized by architects Garabet Balyan,
his son Nigoğayos Balyan and Evanis Kalfa
(members of the Balyan family of Ottoman court architects.)
The construction cost five million Ottoman mecidiye gold coins,
the equivalent of 35 tonnes of gold.[1] Fourteen tonnes of gold
in the form of gold leaf were used to gild the ceilings
of the 45,000 square metre monoblock palace,
which stands on an area of 110,000 m².
Cruise-009Dolmabahce Palas
Cruise-010Ortakoy Mosque

The original Ortaköy Mosque was built in the 18th century.
The current mosque, which was erected in its place,
was ordered by the Ottoman sultan Abdülmecid
and built between 1854 and 1856. Its architects were father and son
Garabet Amira Balyan and Nigoğayos Balyan (who also designed
the nearby Dolmabahçe Palace and the Dolmabahçe Mosque),
who designed it in the Neo-Baroque style.

Within the mosque hang several examples of Islamic calligraphy
executed by Sultan Abdülmecid himself,
who was also a hattat (master calligrapher.)
Cruise-012Rumeli Castle

Rumelihisarı is situated at the narrowest point with
660 meters of the Bosphorus strait, just opposite of
Anadoluhisarı(Anatolian Castle) on the Anatolian side,
which is another Ottoman fortress that was built
between 1393 and 1394 by Sultan Bayezid I.

Rumelihisarı was built by Sultan Mehmed II between 1451
and 1452 in order to control the sea traffic on the Bosphorus strait
and prevent aid from the Black Sea to reach Constantinople
during the Turkish siege of the city in 1453, particularly
from the Genoese colonies such as Caffa, Sinop and Amasra.
In a previous Ottoman attempt to conquer the city,
Sultan Murad II (1404–1451) had encountered difficulties
due to a blockade of the Bosphorus by the Byzantine fleet.
The necessity of a fortress opposite of Anadoluhisarı
was thus well known to the Ottomans. On the location
of Rumelihisarı, there had been a Roman fortification
in the past, which was used as a prison by the Byzantines
and Genoese. Later on, a monastery was built there.
Cruise-013Beylerbeyi Castle

Beylerbeyi Palace was commissioned by Sultan
Abdülaziz (1830–1876) and built between 1861 and 1865
as a summer residence and a place to entertain visiting
heads of state. Empress Eugénie of France visited Beylerbeyi
on her way to the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869
and had her face slapped by the sultan’s mother for daring
to enter the palace on the arm of Abdülaziz. (Despite her initial reception,
Empress Eugénie of France was so delighted by the elegance
of the palace that she had a copy of the window in the guest room
made for her bedroom in Tuileries Palace, in Paris.)
Other regal visitors to the palace included the Duke and Duchess of Windsor.

The palace was the last place of captivity of the deposed sultan
Abdulhamid II from 1912 until his death there in 1918.
Cruise-014Under Bosphorous Bridge

The Bosphorus Bridge, also called the First Bosphorus Bridge
(Turkish: Boğaziçi Köprüsü or 1. Boğaziçi Köprüsü)
is one of two suspension bridges spanning the Bosphorus strait
(Turkish: Boğaziçi) in Istanbul, Turkey; thus connecting Europe
and Asia (the other one is the Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge,
which is called the Second Bosphorus Bridge.)
The bridge is located between Ortaköy (on the European side)
and Beylerbeyi (on the Asian side).

It is a gravity anchored suspension bridge with steel towers
and inclined hangers. The aerodynamic deck hangs on zigzag steel cables.
It is 1,560 m long with a deck width of 33.40 m.
The distance between the towers (main span) is 1,074 m
and the total height of the towers is 165 m.
The clearance of the bridge from sea level is 64 m

The Bosphorus Bridge had the 4th longest suspension bridge span
in the world when it was completed in 1973, and the longest
outside the United States. At present, it is the 21st longest
suspension bridge span in the world.
Cruise-017Tänk vad lite sol, en båttur
och några iskalla EFES kan göra…
Metin slappnade verkligen av från
sitt dagliga jobb som ansvarig på
en resebyrå nära Blå Moskén.
Cruise-018Vi kunde inte låta bli att ta med
den här bilden. Frågan är om de
verkligen ville att man skall städa
hela toaletten efter sig eller om det
bara var ett sätt att säga ”håll rent”.
Det får vi aldrig veta, då vi dubbelvikta
av garv snublade av båten efter att ha sett detta.

Istanbul-by-car_01Ortakoy(The place is one of the best view of istanbul Bosphorous)

Ortaköy was a cosmopolitan area during the Ottoman era
and the first decades of the Turkish Republic, with communities
of Turks, Greeks, Armenians and Jews. Today the neighbourhood
still hosts many different religious (Muslim, Jewish, Orthodox,
and other Christian) structures. It is also a popular spot for locals
and tourists alike, with its art galleries, night clubs, cafés,
bars, and restaurants.

The Neo-Baroque style Ortaköy Mosque is a beautifully ornate structure,
right on the jetty of Ortaköy, bordering the waters of the Bosphorus,
and thus highly visible from the passing boats.
Istanbul-by-car_02Akmerkez Shopping Mall ( its one of the fancy shopping mall of Istanbul)
Istanbul-by-car_03Akmerkez Shopping Mall(another view of the shopping mall)
Istanbul-by-car_04Bellevue Residence(it is in one of the coolest places of Istanbul)
Istanbul-by-car_05Astoria Shopping Mall (another shopping mall in Istanbul)

text & photo:
Metin Ö & Peter Ortvik, Frontface.se

Ortaköy was a cosmopolitan area during the Ottoman era and the first decades of the Turkish Republic, with communities of Turks, Greeks, Armenians and Jews. Today the neighbourhood still hosts many different religious (Muslim, Jewish, Orthodox, and other Christian) structures. It is also a popular spot for locals and tourists alike, with its art galleries, night clubs, cafés, bars, and restaurants.

The Neo-Baroque style Ortaköy Mosque is a beautifully ornate structure, right on the jetty of Ortaköy, bordering the waters of the Bosphorus, and thus highly visible from the passing boats.

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